Illustrator start project – Creating a new document
You will then open a New window in which there are parameters to specify a new document.
In this window you can adjust the parameters for the document size and its measurement marks, orientation, etc.
Illustrator start project
As always, there are predefined options offered by Illustrator in this window. In addition to Basic RGB and CMYK, there are also predefined documents intended for:
- Print – is optimized for quick creation of a document intended for printing. That is why the color mode will be CMYK (because this color model is intended for printing), while the resolution of the document in raster will be 300 Pixels per Inch, ie. 300 PPI (a total of 300 pixels within 1×1 inch on your document).
- Web – is optimized for fast creation of documents intended for web graphics. The color mode will be RGB, while the resolution of the raster document will be 72 PPI. The unit of measure for the size of the document will be expressed in pixels.
- Mobile and Devices – is optimized for creating graphics for mobile phones.
- Video and Film – is optimized for creating documents that will later be edited in video and film effects programs.
- Flash Catalyst – is optimized for creating documents that will be later processed in the Adobe Flash Catalyst program.
Illustrator start project – You offer basic and Advanced settings, which you can open by clicking on the two arrows on the left. The offered parameters are:
- Name – the name you want to assign to the document.
- New Document Profile – contains already predefined parameters for creating new documents that we listed earlier.
- Number of Artboards – specify how many separate pages you want the document you are creating to have. You can have up to 100 of them. With the icons on the right, you determine how those pages will be arranged within the desktop, ie. the document itself.
- Spacing – appears when you have more than 2 pages in a document to specify the spacing in pixels between the pages on the desktop and how many columns / rows will be arranged (depending on the selected page sorting option).
- Size – contains standard sizes of predefined documents. This drop-down menu changes according to the selection from the Preset drop-down menu.
- Width, Height and Orientation – enter the width and height of the document and its orientation, ie. whether it will be horizontally (Landscape) or vertically (Portrait) oriented.
- Units – a unit of measure for document size can be expressed in Points, Picas, inches, millimeters, centimeters or pixels. The ruler you use in the document will also work based on the selected unit of measure.
- Bleed – allows you to specify the desired overhangs. These parts are cut in the press and are usually between 2-5mm, but it is best to consult with the printer about such details when preparing for printing.
- Color Mode – Illustrator supports two Color Modes, ie. color model. CMYK, which is used for documents to be printed and RGB, which is used for documents intended for the web or any other display on the screen of a TV, mobile phone, etc.
- Raster Effect – controls the resolution of a document when effects are applied, certain Photoshop filters, or whenever you convert vector shapes to a raster.
- Transparency Grid – the transparency network is intended only for new video and film documents. You can use it to better see the transparency values of objects in a document.
- Preview Mode – The default is Illustrator’s standard option, Pixel (for better viewing of web and video graphics with the help of pixels) and Overprint (for better viewing of graphics intended for printing).
- Align New Objects to Pixel Grid – is used to draw web and video graphics, which will allow you to see the graphics on the screen sharper since all the edges of vector objects will be glued to the pixel grid. Although you are working vector, this is very important since it often happens that you convert vectors to raster. In order to do this perfectly, it is important to take this into account, as well as the dimensions of the vector objects that should be made in values such as 12, 54, etc., and not 12.23 or 54.77.
- Templates – Dialog Box for selecting additional offered predefined document sizes that come with Illustrator CC
Using multiple pages within a single document
It is possible to open multiple stations in a single document in Illustrator CC to work on separately. To work with them, it is important to know the following:
- we can have up to 100 pages in one document;
- each page within the document can be named, and Illustrator, by default, assigns each a separate ruler, zero point, and coordinate;
- each page can be of different sizes and orientations, we can also move them within the canvas on which they are located;
- you can print or forward to another program any page from the document separately or in case you print everything, you can mark the ones you don’t want;
- each page has the same Color Mode that you intended for the document, which means you can’t change from e.g. RGB to CMYK only one page of your document;
- although we can have up to 100 of them, only one page can be currently active in Illustrator, and it is distinguished by the black box that appears when we activated it, ie. when we click within it.
Illustrator start project – Arrange Artboards with the Artboard tool
When you activate the Artboard Tool, only the active page will have a box of dashed lines with auxiliary handles. Each page is marked with a number and a name in the form of Artboard 1, 2 … With the help of this tool you can now move the active page or resize it.
If you frame a blank space on the canvas, you will get a new page. You will duplicate a particular page if you hold Alt on the keyboard while dragging it to where you want to place a copy of it. You can also delete it either by using the Delete keyboard shortcut or by clicking on the X in the upper right corner of each page.
By activating the Artboard tool, the control panel offers many additional options for customizing pages:
- Preset – selection of predefined sizes for pages. By selecting a specific size, you will resize the active page to the selected one.
- Name – a window in which you can enter the name intended for the active page.
Clicking on the Artboard Options icon will open the Dialog Box to enter additional parameters, although most are located on the control panel:
- Name – a window in which you can enter the name intended for the active page.
- Preset – in addition to choosing predefined sizes, you can now enter the desired values of width (Width) and height (Height) of the active page and change its orientation. By ticking the Constant Proportions Check Box, the active page will retain its original proportions when resized.
- Display – Allows you to show or obscure the Center Mark, Crosshairs, and Video Safe Areas labels.
- Global – gives a choice of the layout of the canvas from the pages in case the Artboard tool is activated, ie. whether it will be obscured or not.
To exit Artboard Mode, simply select another tool from the ToolBox.
Illustrator start project – Panel Artboard
You can also edit the pages from the panel dedicated to the Artboards Panel pages. By clicking on its icon, you will open (activate) the Artboards panel. In case you don’t see it, you can always run it with the command Window> Artboards and get a panel as in the picture below.
- Clicking on the name of the selected page in this panel will make the page active.
- If we double-click, we will make the page active and enlarge it until it is visible across the entire desktop (Fit to Screen).
- If we double-click on the icon that shows the orientation of our page, and it is located on the far right, the Artboard Options Dialog Box will open.
- At the very bottom of this panel are four icons, starting from the left:
- Move Up and Move Down arrows allow you to rearrange the order of the pages in the panel by moving the active one above or below. You can also do this by clicking on the desired page in the panel itself and transferring it where you want.
- New Artboard creates a new page in the document, which will be at the bottom below all the others in the panel. If you upload a page to this icon, you will receive a copy of it.
- Delete Artboard deletes one or more active pages. If you want to select multiple pages in the panel, hold Ctrl on the keyboard and click on the desired pages. This will make them all active.
Like any other panel, this one has a drop-down menu of offered options that you will see by clicking on the down-facing triangle icon with four horizontal bars, located in the upper right corner, below the Title Bar (tab with Artboards panel names). .
- New Artboard – creates a new page.
- Duplicate Artboard – duplicates the active page.
- Delete Artboard – deletes the active page.
- Delete Empty Artboards – deletes all pages that are blank.
- Convert to Artboards – convert certain elements to a page.
- Artboard Options … – opens the already mentioned Dialog Box with options.
- Rearrange Artboards – precisely arrange pages in a document.
Illustrator start project – Opening documents
When it comes to opening existing documents, you can do so with the Open komand command located in the File drop-down menu, or with the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + O. An Open window will open in which you can find the desired document on your computer. A very useful option, ie submenu, is Open Recent Files, which shows you the 10 most recently opened documents
Another way to open a document in Illustrator is to drag the document from the folder into the program window.
Illustrator start project. Storing documents
Just as Photoshop has its original PSD format, so Illustrator has an original .Ai format that stores everything you do in a document. To get acquainted with the formats that
Illustrator offers to save the documents you create in it, it would be best to open the Dialog Box File> Save As … and view the offered formats in the Save as Type drop-down menu.
The basic format of Illustrator is Adobe Illustrator Document, which has a .Ai extension behind its name. Whenever you save any type of graphic you have created in Illustrator, the best possible option is to save it as .Ai because that way you will save all possible information about the document when you reopen it.
When you save the basic .Ai format, Illustrator automatically saves two types of formats in one. In addition to the basic .Ai format, it will also save the PDF format, although you won’t see it, because it will put them in one format together. Why? In case you open the document again in Illustrator, it will automatically start it using the basic .Ai format, while in case you open the document in programs like Photoshop or InDesign, the document that will be opened will be in PDF format, which is essentially for display and printing. .
When you choose to save the document as a .Ai format, a Dialog Box will open for you to set the parameters related to saving that format.
- Version – Choose which version of Illustrator you want your document to be compatible with. In case you select CC and send the document to someone using an older version like CS4, he would not be able to open it.
- Fonts – Illustrator remembers all the fonts you used when creating text objects to display in PDF format, which means that if you used a specific font, anyone who opens the PDF format on their computer can print the document without having to use the font used. A value of 100% means that only used characters from the entire Font will be remembered in PDF format, while in the case of a value of 0%, the entire Font will be remembered. When you are not saving a PDF with .Ai, this option is not enabled
- Create PDF Compatible File – this Check Box will always be checked by default, allowing the .PDF format to be remembered along with .Ai. If you turn off this option, the final size (weight in Kb, Mb …) of the document will definitely be much smaller, but you will be able to view or print the format only from Illustrator, ie. PDF format will not be engraved in Ai format.
- Include Linked Files – all documents you insert as Linked Files will be automatically converted to Embed Files, which will be part of the saved document, but thus the document will be so much larger. The Linked Files will be clear to you later in the course.
- Embed ICC Profiles – includes all colors within the document, even the documents we set as Linked or Embed Files.
- Use Compresion – Illustrator when saving a document performs a certain compression to reduce the final size of the document in Kb, Mb …
- Save each Artboard to a Separate File – in case your document consisted of several pages, Illustrator will create a separately saved document for each page
- Transparency – In case you save Illustrator 8 or Illustrator 3 format, in order to save the transparency effects, you must first perform Transparency Flattening with the command Object> Transparency Flattening … or select the offered predefined ways from the Preset drop-down menu